Die Welle (2008)

Die Welle is a 2008 German drama film, based on real-life social experiment called The Third Wave. The experiment took place at Cubberley High School in Palo Alto, California in 1967 and was undertaken by history teacher Ron Jones in his »Contemporary World« history class. Jones, who was unable to explain his students how the German population could have claimed ignorance of the extermination of the Jewish people during WWII, decided to demonstrate it instead. He started the movement called »The Third Wave« (or simply »The Wave« in the film) but was forced to terminate it after only five (!) days because things started to get completely out of control. Die Welle, although set in contemporary Germany, follows the events (as they were later documented by Jones) that happened during those unfortunate five days.

Rainer Wenger (as they named Jones’s character in the film), is a middle-age rocker and anarchist who is forced to teach a class on autocracy. But when he finds out that his students don’t believe a dictatorship could ever be established in Germany again, he starts an experiment to demonstrate how easily the masses can in fact be manipulated into a fascist regime. He begins by demanding that all students (who previously called him by his first name, Rainer), start to address him as »Herr Wenger«. He also starts to enforce strict classroom discipline – he demands that they stand up when they’re speaking and that they talk in a fewest words possible. He quickly emerges as an authoritarian figure – and surprisingly, the class is immediately more engaged than usual. Especially this one student is enthusiastically, almost fanatically eating his every word. The next day they start wearing white uniforms that separate them from the other students and consequently they start to form a tight community. They even create a distinctive salute for the group (similar to the one of the Nazi regime). There’s only one girl, Mona, who’s disgusted with how her classmates are embracing fascism and who leaves the project group in protest, while the others don’t see any connection with fascism in their behaviour.

On the third day the experiment takes on a life of its own. Other students start to join in and they start to segregate themselves from non-members completely (stopping non-members from entering the classroom for example).

Although thematically extremely interesting, I did not like how they approached to this rather delicate subject. What bothered me the most was that while Jones decided to terminate the movement on the fourth day, right after he saw that things were dangerously spinning out of control, Wenger gets so engaged in his project that he loses any sense of objectivity – he even gets in an argument with his wife when she confronts him about his bad influence on the kids and about the dangers of the movement. His reaction seems unbelievably irrational and irresponsible, childish even. He still decides to do the right thing in the end, but it doesn’t end well since the fanatical student doesn’t want the movement to end.

The ending was (as the director later explained) inspired by the Emsdetten school shooting that happened in Germany only two years before the film was released. Nevertheless, it felt a bit too dramatical, predictable and above all: unnecessary. I have nothing against films about high school shootings – but if they wanted to make a film about Emsdetten incident, they should focus only on that – we should get properly introduced to this student, we should get to know his background story, his family – we should get to know from where his problems and frustrations came from (a great example of a well done film exploring a school shooting incident is Estonian drama Klass from 2007). Die Welle‘s ending seemed forced, as if they tried to end the story in the most dramatic way possible – but what they really did is that they combined two very complex real-life stories that should each be explored on its own.

The Basics:
Directed by: Dennis Gansel
Written by: Johnny Dawkins and Ron Birnbach
Starring: Jürgen Vogel, Frederick Lau, Max Riemelt, Jennifer Ulrich
Running Time: 107 minutes
Year: 2008
Rating: 6.5

Spring Breakers (2013)

Harmony Korine was reportedly only 19 years old when he wrote the script for a teenage drama about sexually promiscuous, drugs and alcohol abusing and HIV-positive adolescents in New York City, known as Kids. Film, otherwise directed by Larry Clark, created a considerable amount of controversy at the time, but has since became a cult classic. It also kick-started Korine’s career, who soon became recognizable as one of the weirdest, most bizarre and disturbing American writers/directors. His next film Gummo was set in Xenia, Ohio, a town devastated by a tornado, with a teenage glue-sniffing protagonist who kills cats in his spare time and sells them to a local restaurant supplier. It’s safe to say that there’s hardly any other film-maker who would manage to write a screenplay so horrifying and fascinating at the same time, but even though most of his work got nothing but praise from film critics and fellow film-makers (such as Gus van Sant and Werner Herzog), his films never managed to reach mainstream audience. Until now. Spring Breakers was proclaimed a cult classic almost the second it hit the theatres – it was also Korine’s first film that actually made some money (it grossed $31 million worldwide which is more than all of his previous films together). The main reason for that was the cast: ex-Disney princesses like Vanessa Hudgens and Selena Gomez, Pretty Little Liars star Ashley Benson and Korine’s wife Rachel Korine were the ones that drove people to the cinema. However, people who went into theatres clueless about who Harmony Korine was, knowing only the previous work of mentioned girls, were probably in for a shocking surprise.

Film history has quite possibly never seen a more drastic makeover than that of Vanessa Hudgens. With Spring Breakers she turned from a High School Musical Disney princess to a cold-blooded, sociopathic college girl who is willingly breaking the law and crossing all social rules imaginable in pursuit of the American Dream (that quite soon turns into American Nightmare). Barely legal, innocent-looking teen queens snorting cocaine, shooting automatic guns, robbing local restaurants and slowly getting more and more corrupt while all through the film wearing nothing more than neon-colored bikinis… A satire about the distorted American values could hardly get any better than that . Another plus in casting is almost unrecognisable James Franco as Alien, who bails the girls out of jail and pulls them even further into the world of crime and danger.

The annual spring break is the embodiment of American youth’s distorted and hedonistic values and the first few minutes of the film actually look like some MTV show that glamorised spring break all those years ago. Film opens with a beach party full of half-naked, beer-soaked girls dancing in the pool with agressive Skrillex’s dubstep playing in the background. It then flashes back to the college attended by four friends that dream of going to Florida. And since none of them has enough money for a trip to Partyland, three of them decide to rob a Chicken Shack with ski masks, water pistols and hammers. After the robbery they can finally board the bus and head to Florida where days and nights merge into one long party full of alcohol, drugs and random sexual encounters. However, they soon get arrested for possession and after spending a night in jail, they get bailed out by a drug and arms dealer/rapper Alien who invites the girls into his world of drugs, guns, golden teeth and amorality. But what is even more compelling than the quasi-transformation of the girls after their encounter with a white gangsta rapper is that they’re far from being helpless victims that got caught up with the wrong people – they’re very much willing participants in all the illegal activities. They are amoral from the beginning; Alien just helps them to fully embrace this new way of living where you take for yourself whatever and however you want, no matter the consequences.

Selena Gomez is playing Faith, a religious and God fearing teen that is conflicted by what is happening around her. She is the only one that doesn’t participate in the robbery of the Chicken Shack and after the other three are reliving the robbery one night, showing her how they did it, she finally realizes who she’s friends with, seeing them for what they really are for the first time. But it’s not until meeting Alien that she starts to doubt her being in Florida is really such a great idea, which leads to her leaving the never-ending party, returning back to the reality.

After Faith’s departure, the girls move in with Alien, a self-made man who’s living some kind of deranged and corrupted American Dream. But even though he is a drug dealer and a gangster that’s seducing the girls with his guns and money, he is hardly the bad guy here for it isn’t long before the girls start to manipulate him, pushing him further towards his self-destruction.

One of the most memorable scenes in this film is without a doubt the one where Franco starts playing Britney Spears’ »Everytime« on a piano – and when Britney’s real song takes over, the scene suddenly turns into a crime spree, with Alien and the girls, (who are wearing nothing but their bikinis, pink ski masks and automatic guns) crashing parties and robbing people. Is it supposed to be a coincidence that »Everything«, a song of a former Disney girl and pop queen who at one point »broke bad«, is playing during the robbery of teen queens (played by former Disney princesses) currently on a breaking bad mission? I don’t think so. I’ve never seen such a messed up, violent and disturbing scene that would look more poetic.

Benoît Debie’s cinematography is intensely bright and luminous and the use of unnatural neon lights makes the whole film feel completely unreal and hypnotic –  which is perfect for a film that tries to strengthen the sense of a fantasy world that Alien and the girls build for themselves. Overall, this is a film about distorted American values and about the hedonistic hell that for some reason seems like paradise to so many young people.

The Basics:
Directed by: Harmony Korine
Written by: Harmony Korine
Starring: Vanessa Hudgens, Ashley Benson, Rachel Korine, Selena Gomez, James Franco
Running Time: 94 minutes
Year: 2012
Rating: 7.5

Her (2013)

Her is Spike Jonze’s fourth feature film and the first film where he wrote the screenplay entirely by himself. But even though this is considered to be one of the best films of 2013 (that brought Jonze nothing but praise and won him the Academy Award and a Golden Globe for Best Screenplay), I can’t really share any enthusiasm about it. I think that, while visually stunning, greatly directed and wonderfully acted (with always brilliant Joaquin Phoenix), the screenplay was weak and – in some aspects – a bit problematic.

The story is set in a pastel-coloured dystopian future, where almost all human connections are replaced with technology. The city, even though highly populated, seems empty and cold and people, who seem introverted and lonely, spend most of their time talking to their computer programs instead to each other. One of those lonely people is soon-to-be-divorced Theodore Twombly (Phoenix) who purchases a talking operating system with artificial intelligence that is designed to adapt and evolve. Within seconds Twombly’s OS knows his likes, dislikes, Mommy issues and insecurities. But he’s desperate to have someone in his life, which is why Samantha (that’s how OS names itself after he decides he wants it to have a female voice) soon begins to control him; she controls every bit of his hard drive, she even watches him sleep. But Twombly doesn’t mind this invasion of privacy – instead he falls in love. When they start having cyber sex, Twombly moans: »I’m inside you«. But in reality, it is Samantha who is inside of him, recording his every move, his every thought as data for her own development. Since Her was released almost the same time that Snowden leaked informations about NSA collecting our data, it amazes me that more people didn’t drew any comparisons between the two – instead, most people viewed this film as one of the most romantic films of 2013.

This is not the first time in film history where a man tried to replace his human relationships with a machine – just remember the 1975 cult film The Stepford Wives where women were turned into perfect and submissive housewives/robots who were only concerned about how to satisfy their husband’s needs and had no intellectual interests of their own. It’s also kind of an unwritten rule that this »female machines« have to be extremely good looking. Samantha Morton was the one who originally gave voice to the OS, but was later replaced with Scarlett Johansson. Even in a film where female is an actual object (and not just an objectified subject, as is usually the case) and doesn’t have a body, she still needs to be sexy and good looking for viewer’s imagination – and who’s voice is more sexy and easily recognized than the one from Scarlett Johansson?

This film had a great potential and could go in many other directions – but Jonze decided to write a movie about a narcissistic, emotionally immature guy who isn’t capable to deal with any real emotions – and an OS is actually a perfect girlfriend for a guy like that, considering it’s always in a good mood, smart, funny, without any ups and downs – just trying to satisfy his every need.

However, there is one scene that stands out from all the rest – it’s when Twombly meets with his ex-wife Catherine (Rooney Mara). It is her character that brings some realness to the table. When Twombly tells her that he’s been seeing someone for the last few months and how »it’s good to be with somebody that’s excited about life« (which means with somebody without any existential problems or doubts and insecurities about oneself) and when the waiter walks to the table, interrupting them by asking how they’re doing, she responds with: »We’re doing fine. We used to be married but he couldn’t handle me. He wanted to put me on Prozac and now he’s in love with his laptop.« And this is it: this is what this film is all about. It’s about a man who couldn’t handle a woman with an existential crisis that probably ended in depression. It’s so much easier to fall in love with a computer that is designed exactly for you – whose job it is to satisfy your every need and desire – and without expecting anything in return.

Breathtaking cinematography is the work of Hoyte Van Hoytema, best known for his work on Swedish masterpiece Let the Right One In and on British thriller Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy. The pastel colouring of the surroundings, as well as the people’s clothes, brilliantly emphasize the melancholy feeling of Twombly, or rather of the entire city. This is Jonze’s best directed film to date and all the performances are nothing short of perfect. There’s no doubt that this film is visually stunning and in every way nearly perfect – but the story lacked any real depth and it was impossible to connect to it.

The Basics:
Directed by: Spike Jonze
Written by: Spike Jonze
Starring: Joaquin Phoenix, Scarlett Johansson, Amy Adams, Rooney Mara, Chris Pratt
Running Time: 126 minutes
Year: 2013
Rating: 6

Wadjda (2012)

Wadjda is the first film shot entirely in Saudi Arabia, but even more importantly – it’s the first Saudi film made by a female director. And even though Haifaa al-Mansour had to be in a van for the larger part of film’s production when directing on the streets of Riyadh due to strict gender segregation and had to use walkie-talkies to communicate with the rest of the film crew, it is still an incredibly important achievement for a woman to be allowed to direct a film in this male dominated society.

Haifaa al-Mansour was born in Saudi Arabia, but hasn’t lived there since she left to attend the University – first to study comparative literature in Cairo and latter to attend film school in Sydney, Australia. It took her five years to find financial backing and getting permission to film Wadjda – a story supposedly inspired by her niece and her own childhood memories, although one could argue that the main theme of the film strongly resembles Iranian cinematic tradition, where stories about children are frequently used for subtle critiques of their society.

As we follow 11 years old Wadjda through her life we’re slowly introduced to a very straightforward criticism of the subordinate position of women in a country where everyday life is still very much dictated by religion. On many occasions we can see how much power the society has over the individuals – one of the stronger examples is probably the narrative shift when Wadjda’s dad (who is clearly very much in love with his first wife), submits to his parents wishes and marries another woman. Another similar event is when the (unmarried) school headmistress accuses her lover of breaking into her home and attacking her, so that she can avoid being publicly disgraced and discredited. And then there are those little details, that nonetheless tell us a great deal about Saudi society: how the schoolgirls must hide from the playground when construction men are working on a roof nearby and how Wadjda’s mother must have a driver because women are not allowed to drive a car. Any means of transport is actually prohibited for a woman to drive, including a bike, for they believe it causes infertility. But Wadjda doesn’t care about these rules – she’s determined to get a green bike from a local shop, even if it means that she must participate in a Quran recital competition to win a cash prize that would allow her to pay for the bike.

Even though the film includes women of many different generations, it is mainly focused on Wadjda who is still considered a child and doesn’t have a status of a woman yet. This is the only reason that she can get away with her rebelling against gender roles. She comes to the school without hijab, she wears black Converse shoes, walks around with cassette player in her backpack and listens to »Western« rock music – all of which infuriates the headmistress, who at one point even threatens her with expulsion. The character of headmistress is thus particularly interesting, because it is she, and not the men, who seems the most strict and fundamentalist in her religious beliefs – indicating that women are often not mere victims of the suffocating patriarchy, but can just as well perpetrate the system that is keeping them in the oppressed position.

As a young girl Wadjda can afford to be headstrong. But one can’t help but wonder what will happen to her in a couple of years when society starts to perceive her as a grown woman? The story also introduces us to her friendship with a boy named Abdullah who accepts her for who she is. But when he tells her that he means to marry her when they grow up it is hard not to wonder what will happen with their relationship when she’ll become his wife – will they still be equal, riding their bikes together or will he, as a man, gain power over her, a woman? Film doesn’t give any answers to the questions it raises, but it suggests (with the end scene, when Wadjda finally goes for a ride with her new bike – a scene that wonderfully resembles the ending of Truffaut’s French New Wave classic, The 400 Blows) that this is the time of a new generation that will quite possibly be able to overcome gender differences. Although we can also interpret it in a more pessimistic way, with her riding on a bike representing one of her last moments of freedom.

This is a wonderful coming-of-age story set in a country that we know almost nothing of. It is a great introduction to the Saudi culture (as well as to the Islamic culture in general) and thus a must-see film for all generations comfortably (and all too often ignorantly) living in their Eurocentric, Western bubble. In an age where fear of the unknown culture is yet again bringing up intolerance and hate all over Europe, films like this are the best kind of weapon to crush the stereotypes, to make us understand a different reality at least a bit better and to turn intolerance into something more positive: acceptance and permission to assimilate.

The Basics:
Directed by: Haifaa Al-Mansour
Written by: Haifaa Al-Mansour
Starring: Waad Mohammed, Abdullrahman Al Gohani, Reem Abdullah, Sultan Al Assaf, Ahd
Running Time: 98 minutes
Year: 2012
Rating: 8